Honest Auto Tech

Hello This is Bhushan. I will try to give you AutoGyan (Automotive information)/Honest Automobile Reviews.


Thursday, August 1, 2019

India's Automobile Future : CNG or Electric

Hello Everyone,
As the Indian Automotive sector has a major change in the upcoming time, finding an alternative to IC engine is difficult the ease provided by IC engine is not the same case with the Electric or Alternative Fuel cell, the existing technology is FILL IT, SHUT IT, and do the long distances, the tank range provided by IC engine cars is almost 1000kms.

Electric Cars

Charging of Electric vehicles is much more difficult if long-distance trips are considered, the range is not an adequate and major issue is fast-charging station. 
Electric vehicles are most suitable for city purpose, no need of waiting in line at CNG/Petrol pumps during peak hours just drive and plug it after coming home. 
Using a car in the city? 
If the Network of Public transport is wide and well connected there is no need for using personal vehicle in the city as it makes traffic jams and leads to congestion.

Ease of Driving

Changing gears and managing the clutch can be quite exhausting, especially in heavy traffic.
Electric cars have no clutches or gears, so you have smooth drive  Plus, there are no vibrations and no engine noise, so the ride is super quiet. Plus no emissions.

CNG Cars

For CNG there are minimal changes in existing Cars and Engines, Petrol Powered cars can be easily converted into CNG vehicles.
The CNG fuel’s cheap. Because of the rise an efficient, if environmentally problematic, method of extracting natural gas from underground shale —natural gas is abundant and inexpensive.
CNG vehicles have low emissions. Compared to gasoline, compressed natural gas reduces carbon-monoxide emissions by 90 to 97 percent and nitrogen-oxide emissions by 35 to 60 percent. Natural gas is also domestically produced, for the most part, so driving a CNG car means you’re not dependent on foreign oil.
Compressed natural gas vehicles look and feel like conventional cars. While their engines and fuel systems are modified to make use of natural gas, CNG vehicles are otherwise quite similar to existing gasoline or diesel cars. You can even convert a conventional car to run on natural gas.

Running Costs: Electric vs CNG

Electric Vehicles 

The electric Vehicles which is considered for Calculation purpose is Hyundai Kona.

  1. Range: 420kms
  2. Battery Size: 39.2kWh
  3. Units Consumed: 40-42kWh
  4. Cost per Unit: 10rs/unit (for commercial)
  5. Total Charging cost: 420Rs
  6. Net Running Cost: 1re/km

CNG Vehicles

The CNG vehicle which is considered for calculation purpose is Hyundai Santro

  1. Range: 243.84kms i.e 30.48kms/kg 
  2. CNG Tank Size: 8kg
  3. Cost Per Kg: 52rs/kg (CNG rates in Mumbai as on July 2019)
  4. Full Tank Cost: 416rs/full tank
  5. Net running cost: 1.72rs/km


What to Choose between EV and CNG?

As far the cost is concerned converting to CNG/LPG seems favorable as it will add 30k-40k more with the existing vehicle.
New Electric vehicle costs 26lakhs plus, though alternatives are present like Mahindra E-Verito, Tata Tigor, it doesn't seem to be promising like Hyundai in reliability terms.

Electric Cars are hard to be in India as India's market is cost-sensitive to keep costs low safety is compromised in parts as well as electrical components, Indian mindset loves existing tech fill it, shut it and GO, if electric tech comes with the same thing it is possible but again cost remains a major factor and if battery quality is compromised EVs are Live BOMBS which can burst into Disaster like Mobile Phones.

These are my thoughts do share your thoughts in Comments.!!
Thank You!

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